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OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!) helps you to detect some of the most common pitfalls appearing when developing ontologies.

To try it, enter a URI or paste an OWL document into the text field above. A list of pitfalls and the elements of your ontology where they appear will be displayed.

Scanner by URI:

Example: http://oops.linkeddata.es/example/swc_2009-05-09.rdf


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Evaluation results

It is obvious that not all the pitfalls are equally important; their impact in the ontology will depend on multiple factors. For this reason, each pitfall has an importance level attached indicating how important it is. We have identified three levels:

  • Critical Critical : It is crucial to correct the pitfall. Otherwise, it could affect the ontology consistency, reasoning, applicability, etc.
  • Important Important : Though not critical for ontology function, it is important to correct this type of pitfall.
  • Minor Minor : It is not really a problem, but by correcting it we will make the ontology nicer.

Results for P04: Creating unconnected ontology elements. 2 cases | Minor Minor

Ontology elements (classes, object properties and datatype properties) are created isolated, with no relation to the rest of the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
https://saref.etsi.org/core/Actuator
https://saref.etsi.org/core/Sensor

Results for P11: Missing domain or range in properties. 262 cases | Important Important

Object and/or datatype properties without domain or range (or none of them) are included in the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPartLoadRatio
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/solarReflectance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/fluidFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bodyMass
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondCurvatureRadius
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryCurrent
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/imaginaryImpedanceRatio
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasSpace
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/shortCircuitVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyWaterTemperatureCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSensibleCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coverLength
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyVoltageMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/partLoadRatioMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outletConnectionSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outletTemperatureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalFrequency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/length
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalSurfaceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryAirFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyWaterTemperatureHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/workingPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalDepth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coilWidth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalLengthOrDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSorroundingTemperatureCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/basinReserveVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalParticleGeometricMeanDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPressureDrop
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/liftElevationDifference
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalVolumetricCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/temperatureRating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/fluidFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalCoolingCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalAirFlowRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalStaticPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/spectrumMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalWaterFlowHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalBodyDepth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalRefrigerantVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/vibrationTransmissibility
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/leakageFullyClosed
https://saref.etsi.org/core/relatesToProperty
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/limitingTerminalSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operationTemperatureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatExchangeArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/ventilatingPipeSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/finalResistance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/ambientDesignWetBulbTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPowerRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/audioVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/staggeredRowSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isContainedIn
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalConductivity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/netPositiveSuctionHead
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSorroundingTemperatureHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/solarTransmittance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pumpFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryCurrent
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lockedRotorCurrent
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lampMaintenanceFactor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/workingPressureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalBodyWidth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatingCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/height
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bladeThickness
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalLatentCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterPressureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/electricGeneratorEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/workingPressureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalWaterFlowCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/testPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalBodyLength
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatTransferArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/airFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isolatorStaticDeflection
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/teTime
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalReturnWaterTemperatureCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/inLineRowSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isSpaceOf
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalWaterVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/volumen
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryApparentPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/inletConnectionSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSorroundingHumidityCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/idealCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalFilterFaceVelocity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isolatorCompressibility
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/size
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalFlowRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outputCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/connectionSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nomminalRotationSpeed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/electricMotorEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/powerOutputMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coilLength
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/initialResistance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalWidthOrDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalEvaporatingTemmperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/airFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterStorageCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowCoefficient
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/foulingFactor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalTotalPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/idealShaftPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/impellerDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pumpFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/startingTime
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalReturnWaterTemperatureHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyVoltageMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryAirFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pressureRating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterInletTemperatureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/effectiveCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/core/isMeasuredIn
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/visibleLightTransmittance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalParticleGeometricStandardDeviation
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/visibleLightReflectance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalEnergyConsumption
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryApparentPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPowerConsumption
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outsideDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operatingWeight
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryAirFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/ambientDesignDryBulbTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/contributedLuminousFlux
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/startCurrentFactor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatTransferCoefficient
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryAirFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operationalRiterial
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/frameThickness
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hydraulicDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lightEmitterNominalPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/weight
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalMoistureGain
http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#location
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coverWidth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/insideDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/firstCurvatureRadius
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterInletTemperatureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalCondensingTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outletTemperatureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/capacityWeight
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatRejectionRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryFrequency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/faceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/frameDepth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterRequirement
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalMediaSurfaceVelocity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/spectrumMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalRotationSpeed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/openPressureDrop
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalTransmittance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterPressureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/contains
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/realImpedanceRatio
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/colorTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatTransferSurfaceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operationTemperatureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/closeOffRating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/verticalSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowResistanceMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/supportedWeightMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryFrequency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/partLoadRatioMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/apparentPowerMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalMassHeatCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/externalSurfaceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalUa
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/compressorSpeed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/horizontalSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowResistanceMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatTransferDimension
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isExternal
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfRows
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/standard
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operatingMode
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/valveMechanism
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/roughness
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pipeConnectionEnum
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/temperatureClassification
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/capacityControlType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/accessType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/orientation
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/colorAppearance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isNeutralPrimaryTerminalAvailable
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatTransferTypeEnum
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bladeEdge
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/placementType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/powerSource
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/evaporationMediumType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isNeutralSecondaryTerminalAvailable
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/endShapeType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isIlluminated
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryCurrentType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/integratedLightingType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/frameSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfBlades
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isGuarded
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfCircuits
https://saref.etsi.org/core/hasTimestamp
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfCells
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/capacityPeople
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bladeAction
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/motorEnclosureType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/transformerVectorGroup
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/shadingDeviceType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasPartWinding
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/capacityControl
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatTransferMedium
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operation
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/storageType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/controlStrategy
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/valveOperation
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/arrangement
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bladeShape
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasHotGasBypass
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/energySource
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/fireExit
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/legend
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/mediaSource
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/mechanicalOperated
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/motorDriveType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfGangs
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lampBallastType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasDefrost
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/evaporationCoolant
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowArrangement
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasLock
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/frameType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isPluggableOutlet
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasExteriorInsulation
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterFlowControlSystemType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isFreeHanging
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/failPosition
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isWaterStorageHeater
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfSections
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/patternType
https://saref.etsi.org/core/hasValue
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOfPanels
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/circuitType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/colorRenderingIndex
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/numberOsSockets
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalControl
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/readOutType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/valvePattern
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/refrigerantClass
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/manualOverride
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lampCompensationType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/finishColor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hasTurbulator
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/switchFunction
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/application
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/sprayType
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/remoteReading

Tip: Solving this pitfall may lead to new results for other pitfalls and suggestions. We encourage you to solve all cases when needed and see what else you can get from OOPS!

Results for P13: Inverse relationships not explicitly declared. 175 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall appears when any relationship (except for those that are defined as symmetric properties using owl:SymmetricProperty) does not have an inverse relationship (owl:inverseOf) defined within the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowResistanceMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/horizontalSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/compressorSpeed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalUa
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/externalSurfaceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalMassHeatCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/apparentPowerMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/partLoadRatioMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryFrequency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/supportedWeightMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowResistanceMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/verticalSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/closeOffRating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operationTemperatureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatTransferSurfaceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/colorTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/realImpedanceRatio
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterPressureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalTransmittance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/openPressureDrop
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalRotationSpeed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/spectrumMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalMediaSurfaceVelocity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterRequirement
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/frameDepth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/faceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryFrequency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatRejectionRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/capacityWeight
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outletTemperatureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalCondensingTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterInletTemperatureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/firstCurvatureRadius
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/insideDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coverWidth
http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#location
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalMoistureGain
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/weight
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lightEmitterNominalPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/hydraulicDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/frameThickness
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operationalRiterial
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryAirFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatTransferCoefficient
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/startCurrentFactor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/contributedLuminousFlux
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/ambientDesignDryBulbTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryAirFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operatingWeight
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outsideDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPowerConsumption
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryApparentPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalEnergyConsumption
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/visibleLightReflectance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalParticleGeometricStandardDeviation
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/visibleLightTransmittance
https://saref.etsi.org/core/isMeasuredIn
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/effectiveCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterInletTemperatureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pressureRating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryAirFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyVoltageMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalReturnWaterTemperatureHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/startingTime
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pumpFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/impellerDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/idealShaftPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalTotalPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/foulingFactor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/flowCoefficient
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterStorageCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/airFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalEvaporatingTemmperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalWidthOrDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/initialResistance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coilLength
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/powerOutputMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/electricMotorEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nomminalRotationSpeed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/connectionSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outputCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalFlowRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/size
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isolatorCompressibility
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalFilterFaceVelocity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/idealCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSorroundingHumidityCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/inletConnectionSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryApparentPower
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/volumen
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalWaterVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/inLineRowSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalReturnWaterTemperatureCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/teTime
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/isolatorStaticDeflection
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/airFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatTransferArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalBodyLength
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/testPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalWaterFlowCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/workingPressureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/electricGeneratorEfficiency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/waterPressureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalLatentCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bladeThickness
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/height
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalHeatingCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalBodyWidth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/workingPressureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lampMaintenanceFactor
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/lockedRotorCurrent
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondaryCurrent
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/pumpFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/solarTransmittance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSorroundingTemperatureHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/netPositiveSuctionHead
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/thermalConductivity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/staggeredRowSpacing
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/audioVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPowerRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/ambientDesignWetBulbTemperature
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/finalResistance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/ventilatingPipeSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/heatExchangeArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/operationTemperatureMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/limitingTerminalSize
https://saref.etsi.org/core/relatesToProperty
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/leakageFullyClosed
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/vibrationTransmissibility
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalRefrigerantVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalBodyDepth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalWaterFlowHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/spectrumMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalStaticPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalAirFlowRate
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalCoolingCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/fluidFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/temperatureRating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalVolumetricCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/liftElevationDifference
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPressureDrop
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalParticleGeometricMeanDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/basinReserveVolume
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSorroundingTemperatureCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalLengthOrDiameter
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coilWidth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalDepth
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/workingPressure
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyWaterTemperatureHeating
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryAirFlowRateMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/internalSurfaceArea
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/length
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalFrequency
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outletTemperatureMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/outletConnectionSize
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/partLoadRatioMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyVoltageMax
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/coverLength
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSensibleCapacity
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalSupplyWaterTemperatureCooling
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/shortCircuitVoltage
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/imaginaryImpedanceRatio
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/primaryCurrent
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/secondCurvatureRadius
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/bodyMass
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/fluidFlowRateMin
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/solarReflectance
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/nominalPartLoadRatio

Results for P24: Using recursive definitions. 2 cases | Important Important

An ontology element (a class, an object property or a datatype property) is used in its own definition. Some examples of this would be: (a) the definition of a class as the enumeration of several classes including itself; (b) the appearance of a class within its owl:equivalentClass or rdfs:subClassOf axioms; (c) the appearance of an object property in its rdfs:domain or range rdfs:range definitions; or (d) the appearance of a datatype property in its rdfs:domain definition.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/BuildingSpace
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/PhysicalObject

Results for P32: Several classes with the same label. 2 cases | Minor Minor

Two or more classes have the same content for natural language annotations for naming, for example the rdfs:label annotation. This pitfall might involve lack of accuracy when defining terms.

• The following classes contains the same label, maybe they should be replaced by one class with several labels or might be equivalent classes:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/Sensor, https://saref.etsi.org/core/Sensor
https://saref.etsi.org/core/Actuator, https://saref.etsi.org/saref4bldg/Actuator


According to the highest importance level of pitfall found in your ontology the conformace bagde suggested is "Important pitfalls" (see below). You can use the following HTML code to insert the badge within your ontology documentation:


Important pitfalls were found
<p>
<a href="http://oops.linkeddata.es"><img
	src="http://oops.linkeddata.es/resource/image/oops_important.png"
	alt="Important pitfalls were found" height="69.6" width="100" /></a>
</p>


References:

  • [1] Aguado-De Cea, G., Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Poveda-Villalón, M., and Giraldo-Pasmin, O.X. (2015). Lexicalizing Ontologies: The issues behind the labels. In Multimodal communication in the 21st century: Professional and academic challenges. 33rd Conference of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AESLA), XXXIII AESLA.
  • [2] Noy, N. F., McGuinness, D. L., et al. (2001). Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first ontology.
  • [3] Gómez-Pérez, A. (1999). Evaluation of Taxonomic Knowledge in Ontologies and Knowledge Bases. Proceedings of the Banff Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop. Alberta, Canada.
  • [4] Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Vila Suero, D., Villazón-Terrazas, B., Dunsire, G., Escolano Rodríguez, E., Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011). Style guidelines for naming and labeling ontologies in the multilingual web.
  • [5] Vrandecic, D. (2010). Ontology Evaluation. PhD thesis.
  • [6] Gómez-Pérez, A. (2004). Ontology evaluation. In Handbook on ontologies, pages 251-273. Springer.
  • [7] Rector, A., Drummond, N., Horridge, M., Rogers, J., Knublauch, H., Stevens, R., Wang, H., and Wroe, C. (2004). Owl pizzas: Practical experience of teaching owl-dl: Common errors & common patterns. In Engineering Knowledge in the Age of the Semantic Web, pages 63-81. Springer.
  • [8] Hogan, A., Harth, A., Passant, A., Decker, S., and Polleres, A. (2010). Weaving the pedantic web. In Proceedings of the WWW2010 Workshop on Linked Data on the Web, LDOW 2010, Raleigh, USA, April 27, 2010.
  • [9] Archer, P., Goedertier, S., and Loutas, N. (2012). D7. 1.3-study on persistent URIs, with identification of best practices and recommendations on the topic for the Mss and the EC. PwC EU Services.
  • [10] Bernes-Lee Tim. (2006). “Linked Data - Design issues”. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  • [11] Heath, T. and Bizer, C. (2011). Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space. Morgan & Claypool, 1st edition.
  • [12] Vatant, B. (2012). Is your linked data vocabulary 5-star?. http://bvatant.blogspot.fr/2012/02/is-your-linked-data-vocabulary-5-star_9588.html

How to cite OOPS!

Poveda-Villalón, María, Asunción Gómez-Pérez, and Mari Carmen Suárez-Figueroa. "OOPS!(Ontology Pitfall Scanner!): An on-line tool for ontology evaluation." International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS) 10.2 (2014): 7-34.


BibTex:


@article{poveda2014oops,
 title={{OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!): An On-line Tool for Ontology Evaluation}},
 author={Poveda-Villal{\'o}n, Mar{\'i}a and G{\'o}mez-P{\'e}rez, Asunci{\'o}n and Su{\'a}rez-Figueroa, Mari Carmen},
 journal={International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS)},
 volume={10},
 number={2},
 pages={7--34},
 year={2014},
 publisher={IGI Global}
}

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