Evaluation results


There are three levels of importance in pitfalls according to their impact on the ontology:
  • Critical It is crucial to correct the pitfall. Otherwise, it could affect the ontology consistency, reasoning, applicability, etc.
  • Important Though not critical for ontology function, it is important to correct this type of pitfall.
  • Minor It is not really a problem, but by correcting it we will make the ontology nicer.

Pitfalls detected:


Ontology elements (classes, object properties and datatype properties) are created isolated, with no relation to the rest of the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Thesis
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Standard
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Book
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/BookSection
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Organization
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Chapter
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Journal
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Article

This pitfall consists in creating an ontology element and failing to provide human readable annotations attached to it. Consequently, ontology elements lack annotation properties that label them (e.g. rdfs:label, lemon:LexicalEntry, skos:prefLabel or skos:altLabel) or that define them (e.g. rdfs:comment or dc:description). This pitfall is related to the guidelines provided in [5].

• The following elements have neither rdfs:label or rdfs:comment (nor skos:definition) defined:
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Journal
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Chapter
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Article
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Document
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Thesis
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Standard
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/BookSection
http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Book
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Organization
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Temperature_scale

• The following elements have neither rdfs:comment or skos:definition defined:
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MachNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MassUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SurfaceTensionUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CarbonDioxideEquivalentMassPerEnergy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Cost
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedDegreeCelsius
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedJoule
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberLeaves
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CatalyticActivityConcentration
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Coverage
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Action
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedPascal
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricEnterobacteriaceaeCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SaltStrength
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExtinctionInV
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExtinctionAtWavelength
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedSievert
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolePerPrefixedMetre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PecletNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagnetomotiveForceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CarbonDioxideEquivalentMassPerEnergyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/UnitExponentiation
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QualityMarkLeaf
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedNewton
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Lipophilicity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificAmountOfMoneyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Total3DStartEndDistance
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Radius
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Half-Life
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarMassUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ForceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberFlowers
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricalConductivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AccelerationUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedUnifiedAtomicMassUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificSerratiaMarcescensCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/InductanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CowlingNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RayleighNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PhotographicMagnitudeAtMaximumBrightness
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MetrePerPrefixedSecond-TimeSquared
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricFluxDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedGram
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CapMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricCorynebacteriumCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagnitudeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ActivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Permeance-ElectromagneticUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StrouhalNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TrueDistanceModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricSalmonellaCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ReaumurTemperatureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FontSize
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfMoneyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularSpeed
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DrainageSpeed
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ResponsivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FourierNumberForMassTransferUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PressureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExposureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMetrePerPrefixedSecond-TimeSquared
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularMomentumUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificCatalyticActivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MomentumUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticFluxDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Epoch
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TemperatureRateUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RatioUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Slope
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/xRange
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WhiteLightMagnitude
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QuantityOfDimensionOne
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMolePerLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMetre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NeckRingMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Depth
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Height
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CelsiusTemperatureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FontSizeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedFarad
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMole
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularAcceleration
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CubicPrefixedMetre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarEnergy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBuds
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/InformationCapacityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricKlebsiellaCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LewisNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QualityMarkTotal
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarVolumeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumeFraction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEnergyImparted
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ShearLossModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalConductivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NusseltNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticReynoldsNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticReynoldsNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PersonalDoseEquivalent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Number
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrandtlNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricalResistivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricHeatCapacity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HartmannNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedHertz
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SquarePrefixedMetre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricSerratiaMarcescensCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolePerPrefixedLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Amphiphilicity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/IlluminanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Radius-Angle
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticField
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ColumnNumberDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricFieldUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GasConstantUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMolePerPrefixedMetre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/zRange
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfMoney
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DecelerationParameter
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngleUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificAmountOfMoney
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricYeastAndFungiCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedWeber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricPotentialUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMetrePerSecond-Time
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BodyMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SchmidtNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MomentOfForceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExtinctionInU
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Permeability-EarthScience
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SolidAngleUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StrawMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FirstCowlingNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Date
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NormalStrain
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HartmannNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LossModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEnterococcusCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEntropy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ModulusOfElasticity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AlfvenNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NusseltNumberForMassTransfer
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularSize
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Permittivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HeatFluxDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CarbonDioxideEquivalentMassUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificStaphylococcusAureusCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ColumnNumberDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedSecond-Time
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CurvatureConstantUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PowerDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ContactAngle
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FixedPoint
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminousEfficacy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CompoundUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermodynamicTemperatureScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PhotographicMagnitude
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CelsiusTemperatureScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricListeriaMonocytogenesCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularVelocity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FahrenheitTemperatureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedGramPerLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WavenumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/KnudsenNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GravitationalAcceleration
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarEnergyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FirstCowlingNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SIPrefix
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LengthFraction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEnergyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricEscherichiaColiCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMolar
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CatalyticActivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GramPerPrefixedLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedSteradian
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceFractionFlow
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GrashofNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedRadian
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalInsulanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QualityMark
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificStreptococcusDysgalactiaeCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricViableCountUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedKatal
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WeberNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DynamicModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ShearRate
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedBecquerel
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricFlowRate
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CarbonDioxideEquivalentMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CartonMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PixelCountUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminousEfficacyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExposureToXAndGammaRays
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StantonNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StrainTensor
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificSalmonellaCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HeatTransferCoefficient
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMolePerPrefixedLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RankineTemperatureScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedTonne
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedWatt
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Hydrophobicity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminousEnergy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ResonanceEnergy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HeatFlowRate
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaDensityRateUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StressUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularSpeedUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Wavelength
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificViableCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Permeance-MaterialsScienceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificListeriaMonocytogenesCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticFieldUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricCurrentUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificProteaseActivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Thickness
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PixelCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Strain
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WeberNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricColiformBacterieCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StantonNumberForMassTransfer
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PercentageUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Diameter-Angle
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedTesla
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PermeabilityOfFreeSpaceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Distance
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalResistance
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BodyLabelMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedOhm
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificHeatCapacityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PermittivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricalConductivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PhotographicMagnitudeAtMinimumBrightness
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificStreptococcusUberisCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMolePerMetre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExtinctionInB
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricFlowRateUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumeFractionUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarHeatCapacityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SingularUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RatioScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/EntropyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalDiffusivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ApparentDistanceModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificHeatCapacity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticFluxDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedCoulomb
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedPoise
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarEntropyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RelativeHumidity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedCandela
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExtinctionAtWaveband
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RelativeHumidityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FroudeNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ReynoldsNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedByte
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BudStadium
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Duration
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceFlow
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DryBodyMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/KinematicViscosityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Exposure
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Scale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricEnterococcusCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CapacitanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StantonNumberForMassTransferUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Fluidity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AbsorbedDoseUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DynamicRangeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificYeastAndFungiCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NormalStress
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalDiffusivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HeatCapacityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricStaphylococcusAureusCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FrequencyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ViableCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RadiantIntensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricChargeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificCorynebacteriumCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PermeabilityOfFreeSpace
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminousEnergyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DoseEquivalentUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ReluctanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceConcentrationUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/EnergyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ReaumurTemperatureScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WhiteLightMagnitudeAtMinimumBrightness
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Breadth
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/EulerNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificStreptococcusAgalactiaeCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WhiteLightMagnitudeAtMaximumBrightness
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AlfvenNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedLux
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedGray
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StorageModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificKlebsiellaCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Hydrophilicity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricChargeDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedLumen
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalInsulance
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricalResistivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricCorynebacteriumBovisCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedSiemens
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CelsiusTemperature
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricStreptococcusUberisCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricStreptococcusAgalactiaeCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaDensityRate
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/IntervalScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FahrenheitTemperatureScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminousIntensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Permeability-EarthScienceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedGramPerPrefixedLitre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AtomicMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GasConstant
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NusseltNumberForMassTransferUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedAmpere
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaFractionUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedVolt
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DynamicViscosityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceFraction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEnterobacteriaceaeCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FahrenheitTemperature
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ScaleFactor
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/UnitDivision
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TemperatureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarVolume
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ShearStorageModulus
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedCalorie-Mean
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Diameter
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Period
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FluidityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Displacement
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ReaumurTemperature
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SymbolRateUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedSecond-TimeSquared
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricHeatCapacityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificAmylaseActivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularDisplacement
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Circumference
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MassPerEnergyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularMomentum
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceConcentration
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FourierNumberForMassTransfer
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AreaFraction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ShearRateUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricDipoleMomentUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LuminousFluxUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricFluxDensity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagnetomotiveForce
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/InformationCapacity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEscherichiaColiCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceFlowUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarHeatCapacity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/xy2DStartEndDistance
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/EnergyDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedStokes
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HeatTransferCoefficientUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/yRange
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMetrePrefixedGram
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmbientDoseEquivalent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrandtlNumber
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CurrentDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QuantityOfDimensionOneUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ActionUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/WettingAngle
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MassFlowUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/UnitMultiplication
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Overrun
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PotentialDifference
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElasticityTensor
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MassFraction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StressTensor
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PowerUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DecelerationParameterUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MagneticFluxUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FourierNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/OrganDoseEquivalent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMetrePerSecond-TimeSquared
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Kerma
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GrashofNumberForMassTransfer
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AngularAccelerationUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PowerDensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FixedZeroPoint
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumeStrain
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpeedUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RadiantIntensityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AmountOfSubstanceFractionUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedBit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CatalyticActivityConcentrationUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MassPerEnergy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermalResistanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedAre
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificCatalyticActivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StrainUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Acceleration
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Function
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RadiantEnergy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/GrashofNumberForMassTransferUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Acidity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/HubbleConstantUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedElectronvolt
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ViableCountUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LengthUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CowlingNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificViableCountUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SchmidtNumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricStreptococcusDysgalactiaeCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ExposureToXAndGammaRaysUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RankineTemperatureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QualityMarkFlower
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AbsorbedDoseRate
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RankineTemperature
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedKelvin
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TorqueUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ThermodynamicTemperatureUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Ratio
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/UnitMultiple
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AbsorbedDoseRateUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/AverageSpeed
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MomentOfInertiaUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/xyDistanceTravelled
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/CatalyticActivity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificCost
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolarEntropy
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MetrePerPrefixedSecond-Time
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PecletNumberForMassTransferUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificCorynebacteriumBovisCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Percentage
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MolalityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VolumetricViableCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Width
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedMetrePerPrefixedSecond-Time
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FlowpackMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DensityParameterUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TopMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TimeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PrefixedHenry
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DryMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/MassFractionUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricalResistanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificColiformBacterieCount
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificVolumeUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/PecletNumberForMassTransfer
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TemperatureRate
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/ElectricalConductanceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/RadianceUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/SpecificEntropyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Reluctance
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LabelMass
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DetectivityUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/DirectionalDoseEquivalent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/TotalDistanceTravelled
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/QuantumEfficiencyUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/LinearStrain
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasTerm1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasValue
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDimension
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPoint
http://www.wurvoc.org/bibliography/om-2/reference
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasBaseQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasBase
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPhenomenon
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPrefix
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDerivedQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasBaseUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasTerm2
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDerivedUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasAggregateFunction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasContext
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasNumerator
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDenominator
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/usesUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/usesQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSIElectricCurrentDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSIMassDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSIThermodynamicTemperatureDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSILuminousIntensityDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasFactor
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasOff-Set
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSILengthDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSITimeDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasSIAmountOfSubstanceDimensionExponent
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasNumericalValue

The ontology lacks disjoint axioms between classes or between properties that should be defined as disjoint. This pitfall is related with the guidelines provided in [6], [2] and [7].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Object and/or datatype properties without domain or range (or none of them) are included in the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasContext
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPhenomenon
http://www.wurvoc.org/bibliography/om-2/reference
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasNumericalValue

Tip: Solving this pitfall may lead to new results for other pitfalls and suggestions. We encourage you to solve all cases when needed and see what else you can get from OOPS!

This pitfall appears when any relationship (except for those that are defined as symmetric properties using owl:SymmetricProperty) does not have an inverse relationship (owl:inverseOf) defined within the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasTerm1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasValue
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDimension
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPoint
http://www.wurvoc.org/bibliography/om-2/reference
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasBaseQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasBase
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPhenomenon
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/commonlyHasUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasPrefix
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDerivedQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasBaseUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasTerm2
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasScale
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDerivedUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasAggregateFunction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasContext
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasNumerator
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasDenominator
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/hasQuantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/usesUnit
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/usesQuantity

The ontology elements are not named following the same convention (for example CamelCase or use of delimiters as "-" or "_") . Some notions about naming conventions are provided in [2].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

An ontology element (a class, an object property or a datatype property) is used in its own definition. Some examples of this would be: (a) the definition of a class as the enumeration of several classes including itself; (b) the appearance of a class within its owl:equivalentClass or rdfs:subClassOf axioms; (c) the appearance of an object property in its rdfs:domain or range rdfs:range definitions; or (d) the appearance of a datatype property in its rdfs:domain definition.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/FixedPoint

This pitfall consists in missing the definition of equivalent classes (owl:equivalentClass) in case of duplicated concepts. When an ontology reuses terms from other ontologies, classes that have the same meaning should be defined as equivalent in order to benefit the interoperability between both ontologies.

• The following classes might be equivalent:
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Mass, http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Book, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Volume
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Strain, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Stress
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Measure, http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Standard, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Quantity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Breadth, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Width
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Duration, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Distance, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Length
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Activity, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Action
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Momentum, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Impulse
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Force, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Power
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Speed, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Velocity
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Point, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Period
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Height, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Altitude

Two or more classes have the same content for natural language annotations for naming, for example the rdfs:label annotation. This pitfall might involve lack of accuracy when defining terms.

• The following classes contains the same label, maybe they should be replaced by one class with several labels or might be equivalent classes:
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness2.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis0, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/bMagnitude, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BMagnitude
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StarchVA85MassFraction, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/StarchVA40MassFraction
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium5
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/uMagnitude, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/UMagnitude
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BudStadiumDay0, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BudStadiumDay4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BudStadiumDay7
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness2.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness1
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness0.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3.5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BudStadiumDay4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/BudStadiumDay7
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Firmness-Penetrometer-Method1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/Firmness-Penetrometer-Method2
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium5
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberExternalBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBudStadium5
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/VMagnitude, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/vMagnitude
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberColor3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis1, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberBotrytis
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning4, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning2, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberPulpBrowning3
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning5, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning3, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberVascularBrowning4
http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness, http://www.ontology-of-units-of-measure.org/resource/om-2/NumberManualFirmness3

This pitfall occurs if file extensions such as ".owl", ".rdf", ".ttl", ".n3" and ".rdfxml" are included in an ontology URI. This pitfall is related with the recommendations provided in [9].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Suggestions or warnings:




According to the highest importance level of pitfall found in your ontology the conformace bagde suggested is "Important pitfalls" (see below). You can use the following HTML code to insert the badge within your ontology documentation:




References


Lexicalizing Ontologies: The issues behind the labels. In Multimodal communication in the 21st century: Professional and academic challenges. 33rd Conference of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AESLA), XXXIII AESLA.

Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first ontology.

Evaluation of Taxonomic Knowledge in Ontologies and Knowledge Bases. Proceedings of the Banff Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop. Alberta, Canada.

Style guidelines for naming and labeling ontologies in the multilingual web.

Ontology Evaluation. PhD thesis.

Ontology evaluation. In Handbook on ontologies, pages 251-273. Springer.

Owl pizzas: Practical experience of teaching owl-dl: Common errors & common patterns. In Engineering Knowledge in the Age of the Semantic Web, pages 63-81. Springer.

Weaving the pedantic web. In Proceedings of the WWW2010 Workshop on Linked Data on the Web, LDOW 2010, Raleigh, USA, April 27, 2010.

D7. 1.3-study on persistent URIs, with identification of best practices and recommendations on the topic for the Mss and the EC. PwC EU Services.

“Linked Data - Design issues”. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html

Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space. Morgan & Claypool, 1st edition.

Is your linked data vocabulary 5-star?. http://bvatant.blogspot.fr/2012/02/is-your-linked-data-vocabulary-5-star_9588.html


Enter your ontology to scan:

Example: http://oops.linkeddata.es/example/swc_2009-05-09.rdf

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How to cite OOPS!


Poveda-Villalón, María, Asunción Gómez-Pérez, and Mari Carmen Suárez-Figueroa. "OOPS!(Ontology Pitfall Scanner!): An on-line tool for ontology evaluation." International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS) 10.2 (2014): 7-34.

BibTex:


@article{poveda2014oops,
title={{OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!): An On-line Tool for Ontology Evaluation}},
author={Poveda-Villal{\'o}n, Mar{\'i}a and G{\'o}mez-P{\'e}rez, Asunci{\'o}n and Su{\'a}rez-Figueroa, Mari Carmen},
journal={International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS)},
volume={10},
number={2},
pages={7--34},
year={2014},
publisher={IGI Global}
}



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