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OOPS! is scanning...

OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!) helps you to detect some of the most common pitfalls appearing when developing ontologies.

To try it, enter a URI or paste an OWL document into the text field above. A list of pitfalls and the elements of your ontology where they appear will be displayed.

Scanner by URI:

Example: http://data.semanticweb.org/ns/swc/swc_2009-05-09.rdf


Scanner by direct input:

Uncheck this checkbox if you don't want us to keep a copy of your ontology.

Evaluation results

It is obvious that not all the pitfalls are equally important; their impact in the ontology will depend on multiple factors. For this reason, each pitfall has an importance level attached indicating how important it is. We have identified three levels:

  • Critical Critical : It is crucial to correct the pitfall. Otherwise, it could affect the ontology consistency, reasoning, applicability, etc.
  • Important Important : Though not critical for ontology function, it is important to correct this type of pitfall.
  • Minor Minor : It is not really a problem, but by correcting it we will make the ontology nicer.

Results for P04: Creating unconnected ontology elements. 4 cases | Minor Minor

Ontology elements (classes, object properties and datatype properties) are created isolated, with no relation to the rest of the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E18_Physical_Thing
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/#Person
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Zoology
http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E24_Physical_Man-Made_Thing

Results for P08: Missing annotations. 329 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall consists in creating an ontology element and failing to provide human readable annotations attached to it. Consequently, ontology elements lack annotation properties that label them (e.g. rdfs:label, lemon:LexicalEntry, skos:prefLabel or skos:altLabel) or that define them (e.g. rdfs:comment or dc:description). This pitfall is related to the guidelines provided in [5].

• The following elements have neither rdfs:label or rdfs:comment (nor skos:definition) defined:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Tile
http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E24_Physical_Man-Made_Thing
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Observation
http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E18_Physical_Thing
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/#Person
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Zoology
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTile
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTarget
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasLogicalCameraObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSourceObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTargetObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSource
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasOrientaionObservation

• The following elements have neither rdfs:comment or skos:definition defined:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#UnitaArcheologica
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IIdentifiedObject
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ElementoStratigrafico
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IFixedPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Transformation2D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Tuile
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Photograph
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IPoint3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IColoredPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#NauticalArchaeology
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Attivita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Artifact
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Matrix
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#ProperInterval
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Dolia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#RotationMatrix2D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Photogrammetry
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#FitBall
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#BundleModel
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#PointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#GenericManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#RadialDecenteringDistortion
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Topography
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#PetraData
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#RotationMatrix
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#PlaneProjection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ControlPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#MathematicalObject
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#AreaFunzionale
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IPoint2D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#CardinalRelation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#PhotoManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ConstraintManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#FilmBasedCamera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Coralliidae
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#CameraManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Amphorae
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Sito
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Intersection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#UnitaFunzionale
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Trace
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Transformation3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#StoneTool
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SpatialLocalization
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Prospetto
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ElementDeParement
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Point_3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Measurable
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#UnitaStratigrafica
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ZoologyItem
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ImagePoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Cassettone
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Camera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ComplessoArchitettonico
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Ollae
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ImagePointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Subergorgia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#CardinalDirection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ModernArtifact
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SitiList
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Archaeology
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Interval
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Brique
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#PlaneObject
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#LogicalOrientation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ProspettoParticolare
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#LogicalCamera%20
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#UnitaStratigraficaMurale
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SpatialObject
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#CoralliumRubrum
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#RecipientTransport
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ElementDeCouverture
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ProspettoGenerale
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#ManagerCA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Bloc
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Architecture
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#TriangleManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#DigitalCamera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#MeasuredPointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#UnitaTopografica
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#CorpoDiFabbrica
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#BoundingBox
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#GrindingStone
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Geometry
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#TuileRonde
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Point3DManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Point2DManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Alcyonacea
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#PolyhedralSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#GeodesicString
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#AbstractGeometricPrimitive
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#CompositeCurve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiCurve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#ArcString
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#OrientableCurve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#CompositeSolid
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#LinearRing
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#ArcStringByBulge
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#BSpline
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Cone
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Curve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Arc
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#PolynomialSpline
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiSolid
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#LineStringSegment
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Clothoid
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#ArcByBulge
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Triangle
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#LineString
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#CircleByCenterPoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Solid
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiPoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiGeometry
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#SplineCurve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#AbstractCurveSegment
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#AbstractGeometry
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#OffsetCurve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Shell
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Tin
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Ring
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#PolygonPatch
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Bezier
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#ArcByCenterPoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Surface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#AbstractGriddedSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#CompositeSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Rectangle
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Circle
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Sphere
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#AbstractParametricCurveSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Composite
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#TriangulatedSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Cylinder
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Polygon
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#AbstractSurfacePatch
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#GeometricComplex
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#CubicSpline
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#OrientableSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Geodesic
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Point
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSito
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfObservation
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalFinishedBy
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCenter
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCamera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationRiempie
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTaglia
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalMetBy
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPhotograph
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Wof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#NWof
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalMeets
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalStartedBy
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTagliatoDa
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalDuring
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Eof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationLegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCollegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasMeasuredPointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfUS
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTranslation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isFarFrom
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTransformation3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTargetIntersection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasIntervalStartPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOf3DPointWithObs
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isObservationOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#haveASetOfPhotograph
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalStarts
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has2DTransformation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasUnitaStratigrafica
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationContemporaneita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasInterval
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOf3DPoint
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalBefore
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfPP
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopre
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SEof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopertoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCameraManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasMeasuredSource
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPhotoManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isTooFarFrom
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Sof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasIntervalEndPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#NEof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCF
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalContains
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isElementOf
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalFinishes
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SWof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationGliSiAppoggia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPrimitiveGeometry
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRotationMatrix2D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationUgualeA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfCF
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfSito
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfCamera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPointManager
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalOverlaps
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAnteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isPhotographOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAppoggiatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSourceIntersection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfCA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTranslation2D
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalOverlappedBy
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasImagePointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Nof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isDirectNeighborOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasBoundingBox
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfUT
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationPosteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRotationMatrix
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationRiempitoDa
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalEquals
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalAfter
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasDistortion
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfSiti
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasId
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasYMax
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationAnteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRimInternalDiameter
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasColor_G
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasZ
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m22
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasYMin
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasY
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasColor_R
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCoef_P2
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m21
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRatioDiamHeight
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasDirettore
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m11
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasXMax
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isBetweenTwoObjects
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasData
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#belongToUSM
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasReprojectionResidual
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFullFileName
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasProvenance
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasName
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m20
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationGliSiAppoggia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasX
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasHandlesDiameterX
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasXMin
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasLitotipo
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isExtruded
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationLegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFrameWidthInPixel
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRimExternalDiameter
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasToeHeight
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPPX
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationTagliatoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationRiempitoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidual
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedPt2Y
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasIdn
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudeDepth
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#percentOfMeasured
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidualZ
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationPosteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCoordinateX
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFocalLength
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedData1
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFrameWidthInmm
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidualY
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationCollegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasToeMaxDiameter
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidualX
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m12
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFrameHeigthInmm
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStateOfConservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isNegative
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFinitura
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m02
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSigla
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasZMax
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasScale
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m01
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationCopertoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasHandlesDiameterY
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationAppoggiatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasDescription
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationContemporaneita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isExtrudedBy
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m10
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationRiempie
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationTaglia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has_m00
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasLavorazione
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasFrameHeigthInPixel
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasZMin
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedPt2Z
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationCopre
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isActive
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRelationUgualeA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCoordinateY
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isValid
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedPt1Z
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedData2
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedPt1Y
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPPY
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasNormalizedDiamMaxPos
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPixelWidth_mm
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPixelHeight_mm
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedPt2X
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasDefinition
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasExtrudedPt1X
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCorrelationCoef
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasColor_B

Results for P11: Missing domain or range in properties. 19 cases | Important Important

Object and/or datatype properties without domain or range (or none of them) are included in the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#exactMatch
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#narrowerTransitive
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#narrower
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#closeMatch
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#related
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#narrowMatch
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#mappingRelation
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#inScheme
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broaderTransitive
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broadMatch
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broader
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#relatedMatch
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalAfter
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalOverlappedBy
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalContains
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalStartedBy
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalMetBy
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalFinishedBy
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#notation

Tip: Solving this pitfall may lead to new results for other pitfalls and suggestions. We encourage you to solve all cases when needed and see what else you can get from OOPS!

Results for P13: Inverse relationships not explicitly declared. 129 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall appears when any relationship (except for those that are defined as symmetric properties using owl:SymmetricProperty) does not have an inverse relationship (owl:inverseOf) defined within the ontology.

• OOPS! has the following suggestions for the relationships without inverse:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationRiempie could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTaglia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTaglia could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTagliatoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTagliatoDa could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationLegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationLegatoA could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCollegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCollegatoA could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationContemporaneita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#haveASetOfPhotograph could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isPhotographOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationContemporaneita could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopre
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopre could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopertoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopertoDa could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationGliSiAppoggia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isTooFarFrom could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isDirectNeighborOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationGliSiAppoggia could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationUgualeA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationUgualeA could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAnteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfCF could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAnteriorita could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAppoggiatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAppoggiatoA could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationPosteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationPosteriorita could be inverse of http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationRiempitoDa
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8dc could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfEquals
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfEquals could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8po
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8po could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehDisjoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehDisjoint could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntpp
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntpp could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfOverlaps
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfOverlaps could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ec
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ec could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehCovers
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehCovers could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehInside
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehInside could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfWithin
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfWithin could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tppi
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tppi could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8eq
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8eq could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfDisjoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfDisjoint could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntppi
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntppi could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfTouches
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfTouches could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehCoveredBy
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehCoveredBy could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehOverlap
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehOverlap could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tpp
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tpp could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehMeet
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehMeet could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfIntersects
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfIntersects could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfContains
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfContains could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfCrosses
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfCrosses could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehEquals
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehEquals could be inverse of http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehContains

• Sorry, OOPS! has no suggestions for the following relationships without inverse:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSito
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCenter
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTile
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCamera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPhotograph
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTarget
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasMeasuredPointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfUS
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTranslation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTransformation3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasLogicalCameraObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTargetIntersection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasIntervalStartPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOf3DPointWithObs
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isObservationOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#has2DTransformation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasUnitaStratigrafica
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasInterval
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSourceObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOf3DPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfPP
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCameraManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasMeasuredSource
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPhotoManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasIntervalEndPoint
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCF
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isElementOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPrimitiveGeometry
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRotationMatrix2D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfSito
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfCamera
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTargetObservation
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSourceIntersection
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfCA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTranslation2D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasImagePointManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSource
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasBoundingBox
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfUT
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasRotationMatrix
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasDistortion
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfSiti
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#hasGeometry
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#defaultGeometry
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#memberList
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#inScheme
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#mappingRelation
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#member
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#semanticRelation

Results for P19: Defining multiple domains or ranges in properties. 13 cases | Critical Critical

The domain or range (or both) of a property (relationships and attributes) is defined by stating more than one rdfs:domain or rdfs:range statements. In OWL multiple rdfs:domain or rdfs:range axioms are allowed, but they are interpreted as conjunction, being, therefore, equivalent to the construct owl:intersectionOf. This pitfall is related to the common error that appears when defining domains and ranges described in [7].

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasPrimitiveGeometry
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isElementOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasTransformation3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasASetOfUS
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSito
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasColor_B
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasSigla
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidualX
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidualY
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasResidual
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isBetweenTwoObjects
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasColor_R
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasColor_G

Results for P20: Misusing ontology annotations. 1 case | Minor Minor

The contents of some annotation properties are swapped or misused. This pitfall might affect annotation properties related to natural language information (for example, annotations for naming such as rdfs:label or for providing descriptions such as rdfs:comment). Other types of annotation could also be affected as temporal, versioning information, among others.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasCoef_K4

Results for P22: Using different naming conventions in the ontology. ontology* | Minor Minor

The ontology elements are not named following the same convention (for example CamelCase or use of delimiters as "-" or "_") . Some notions about naming conventions are provided in [2].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P24: Using recursive definitions. 1 case | Important Important

An ontology element (a class, an object property or a datatype property) is used in its own definition. Some examples of this would be: (a) the definition of a class as the enumeration of several classes including itself; (b) the appearance of a class within its owl:equivalentClass or rdfs:subClassOf axioms; (c) the appearance of an object property in its rdfs:domain or range rdfs:range definitions; or (d) the appearance of a datatype property in its rdfs:domain definition.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalEquals

Results for P25: Defining a relationship as inverse to itself. 1 case | Important Important

A relationship is defined as inverse of itself. In this case, this relationship could have been defined as owl:SymmetricProperty instead.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalEquals

Results for P32: Several classes with the same label. 17 cases | Minor Minor

Two or more classes have the same content for natural language annotations for naming, for example the rdfs:label annotation. This pitfall might involve lack of accuracy when defining terms.

• The following classes contains the same label, maybe they should be replaced by one class with several labels or might be equivalent classes:
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Point2DManager, http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Point3DManager
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Transformation2D, http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Transformation3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IPoint2D, http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#IPoint3D
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SpatialObject, http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#SpatialObject
http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#TIN, http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Tin
http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#MultiSurface, http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#LineString, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#LineString
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#LinearRing, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#LinearRing
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Triangle, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#Triangle
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#PolyhedralSurface, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#PolyhedralSurface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#Polygon, http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Polygon
http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#Curve, http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Curve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Surface, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#Surface
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#Geometry, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#Geometry
http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#MultiPoint, http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiPoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#MultiCurve, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#MultiCurve
http://www.opengis.net/ont/gml#Point, http://www.opengis.net/ont/sf#Point

Results for P36: URI contains file extension. ontology* | Minor Minor

This pitfall occurs if file extensions such as ".owl", ".rdf", ".ttl", ".n3" and ".rdfxml" are included in an ontology URI. This pitfall is related with the recommendations provided in [9].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P38: No OWL ontology declaration. ontology* | Important Important

This pitfall consists in not declaring the owl:Ontology tag, which provides the ontology metadata. The owl:Ontology tag aims at gathering metadata about a given ontology such as version information, license, provenance, creation date, and so on. It is also used to declare the inclusion of other ontologies.

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P41: No license declared. ontology* | Important Important

The ontology metadata omits information about the license that applies to the ontology.

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

SUGGESTION: symmetric or transitive object properties. 59 cases

The domain and range axioms are equal for each of the following object properties. Could they be symmetric or transitive?
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationRiempie
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTaglia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Wof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#NWof
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalMeets
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTagliatoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationTagliatoDa
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalDuring
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Eof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationLegatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCollegatoA
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalStarts
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationContemporaneita
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalBefore
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopre
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SEof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationCopertoDa
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isTooFarFrom
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Sof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#NEof
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalFinishes
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#SWof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationGliSiAppoggia
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationUgualeA
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalOverlaps
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAnteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationAppoggiatoA
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#Nof
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#isDirectNeighborOf
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationPosteriorita
http://www.arpenteur.org/ontology/Arpenteur.owl#hasStratigraphicRelationRiempitoDa
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#intervalEquals
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8dc
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfEquals
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8po
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehDisjoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntpp
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfOverlaps
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ec
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehCovers
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehInside
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfWithin
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tppi
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tppi
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8eq
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfDisjoint
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntppi
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8ntppi
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfTouches
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehCoveredBy
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehOverlap
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#rcc8tpp
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehMeet
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfIntersects
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfContains
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#sfCrosses
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehEquals
http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#ehContains
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#semanticRelation


According to the highest importance level of pitfall found in your ontology the conformace bagde suggested is "Critical pitfalls" (see below). You can use the following HTML code to insert the badge within your ontology documentation:


Critical pitfalls were found
<p>
<a href="http://oops.linkeddata.es"><img
	src="http://oops.linkeddata.es/resource/image/oops_critical.png"
	alt="Critical pitfalls were found" height="69.6" width="100" /></a>
</p>


References:

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  • [2] Noy, N. F., McGuinness, D. L., et al. (2001). Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first ontology.
  • [3] Gómez-Pérez, A. (1999). Evaluation of Taxonomic Knowledge in Ontologies and Knowledge Bases. Proceedings of the Banff Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop. Alberta, Canada.
  • [4] Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Vila Suero, D., Villazón-Terrazas, B., Dunsire, G., Escolano Rodríguez, E., Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011). Style guidelines for naming and labeling ontologies in the multilingual web.
  • [5] Vrandecic, D. (2010). Ontology Evaluation. PhD thesis.
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  • [7] Rector, A., Drummond, N., Horridge, M., Rogers, J., Knublauch, H., Stevens, R., Wang, H., and Wroe, C. (2004). Owl pizzas: Practical experience of teaching owl-dl: Common errors & common patterns. In Engineering Knowledge in the Age of the Semantic Web, pages 63-81. Springer.
  • [8] Hogan, A., Harth, A., Passant, A., Decker, S., and Polleres, A. (2010). Weaving the pedantic web. In Proceedings of the WWW2010 Workshop on Linked Data on the Web, LDOW 2010, Raleigh, USA, April 27, 2010.
  • [9] Archer, P., Goedertier, S., and Loutas, N. (2012). D7. 1.3-study on persistent URIs, with identification of best practices and recommendations on the topic for the Mss and the EC. PwC EU Services.
  • [10] Bernes-Lee Tim. (2006). “Linked Data - Design issues”. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
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  • [12] Vatant, B. (2012). Is your linked data vocabulary 5-star?. http://bvatant.blogspot.fr/2012/02/is-your-linked-data-vocabulary-5-star_9588.html

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