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OOPS! is scanning...

OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!) helps you to detect some of the most common pitfalls appearing when developing ontologies.

To try it, enter a URI or paste an OWL document into the text field above. A list of pitfalls and the elements of your ontology where they appear will be displayed.

Scanner by URI:

Example: http://oops.linkeddata.es/example/swc_2009-05-09.rdf


Scanner by direct input:

Uncheck this checkbox if you don't want us to keep a copy of your ontology.

Evaluation results

It is obvious that not all the pitfalls are equally important; their impact in the ontology will depend on multiple factors. For this reason, each pitfall has an importance level attached indicating how important it is. We have identified three levels:

  • Critical Critical : It is crucial to correct the pitfall. Otherwise, it could affect the ontology consistency, reasoning, applicability, etc.
  • Important Important : Though not critical for ontology function, it is important to correct this type of pitfall.
  • Minor Minor : It is not really a problem, but by correcting it we will make the ontology nicer.

Results for P04: Creating unconnected ontology elements. 3 cases | Minor Minor

Ontology elements (classes, object properties and datatype properties) are created isolated, with no relation to the rest of the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Any
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#UndefinedClass
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#RelationalConcept

Results for P07: Merging different concepts in the same class. 1 case | Minor Minor

A class whose name refers to two or more different concepts is created.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Eating_or_drinking

Results for P08: Missing annotations. 137 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall consists in creating an ontology element and failing to provide human readable annotations attached to it. Consequently, ontology elements lack annotation properties that label them (e.g. rdfs:label, lemon:LexicalEntry, skos:prefLabel or skos:altLabel) or that define them (e.g. rdfs:comment or dc:description). This pitfall is related to the guidelines provided in [5].

• The following elements have neither rdfs:label or rdfs:comment (nor skos:definition) defined:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_hum_pos
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasFood
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Posture_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_act_log
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Month
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasDrinkType
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Location_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Context_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Posture_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_activities
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_obj_inst_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Collect
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Current_location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasPosture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_info
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_posture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_obj
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_rec_act_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Status
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Sensor_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Year
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_last_object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_AttachTo
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_inf_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Time
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Location_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Combine_with
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Activity_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Activity_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_last_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Actor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_location_concept
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_time
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_isAttached
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_rec_act_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Day_of_week
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Have_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_use

• The following elements have neither rdfs:comment or skos:definition defined:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Cooking
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Any
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Context
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sensor_Type
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Stereo
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Last_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Water_Meter_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Infrared_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Table
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Refrigerator
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Chair
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Alcolhol
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Kettle
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Furniture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Lie-down
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Pressure_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sugar
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Phone
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#TV
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Human
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Ultrasonic_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Reading_a_book
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Broom
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Human_Posture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Last_Object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Juice
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Entertainment
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bed
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sink
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bedroom_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Taking_a_bath
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Drink
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Milk
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Eating_or_drinking
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Tea
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#InferredActivity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Making_a_coffee
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Wash_dishes
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bathroom_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Current_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Coffee
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bottle
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Book
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Kitchen_Appliance
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Object_based_Actvity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#string
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sweeping_the_floor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Gyro_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Scrubbing_the_floor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Working_on_computer
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Electric_Stove
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Electric_Appliance
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Microwave
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Mop
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Shower
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Functional_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Livingroom
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Computer
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Watching_TV
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Kitchen_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Magnetic_Sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bathroom
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Oven
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Lavatory
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Food
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Location_based_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#ObjectInstance
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Door
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sofa
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Cupboard
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#UndefinedClass
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#integer
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bedroom
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#ADL
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sitting_on_the_toilet
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sit
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Kitchen
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Stand
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Living_room_Activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Activity_Log
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Sleeping
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#RelationalConcept
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Lying_down___relaxing
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Softdrink
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#hasPart
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#hasAttribute

Results for P10: Missing disjointness. ontology* | Important Important

The ontology lacks disjoint axioms between classes or between properties that should be defined as disjoint. This pitfall is related with the guidelines provided in [6], [2] and [7].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P11: Missing domain or range in properties. 49 cases | Important Important

Object and/or datatype properties without domain or range (or none of them) are included in the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#hasAttribute
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_use
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Have_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Day_of_week
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_rec_act_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_isAttached
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_time
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#hasPart
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_location_concept
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Actor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_last_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Activity_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Activity_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Combine_with
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Location_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Time
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_inf_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_AttachTo
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_last_object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Year
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Sensor_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Status
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_rec_act_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_obj
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_posture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_info
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasPosture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Current_location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Collect
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_obj_inst_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_activities
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Posture_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Context_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Location_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasDrinkType
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Month
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_act_log
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Posture_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasFood
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_hum_pos

Tip: Solving this pitfall may lead to new results for other pitfalls and suggestions. We encourage you to solve all cases when needed and see what else you can get from OOPS!

Results for P13: Inverse relationships not explicitly declared. 49 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall appears when any relationship (except for those that are defined as symmetric properties using owl:SymmetricProperty) does not have an inverse relationship (owl:inverseOf) defined within the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_hum_pos
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasFood
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Posture_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_act_log
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Month
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasDrinkType
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Location_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Context_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Posture_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_activities
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_obj_inst_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Collect
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Current_location
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_hasPosture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_info
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_posture
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_obj
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_rec_act_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Status
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Sensor_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Year
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_last_object
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_AttachTo
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_inf_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Time
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Location_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Combine_with
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Activity_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_ID
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Activity_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_last_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Actor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_location_concept
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_sensor
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#hasPart
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_time
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_isAttached
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_id
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_rec_act_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Day_of_week
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Object_name
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_Have_activity
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_have_date
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#has_use
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#hasAttribute

Results for P22: Using different naming conventions in the ontology. ontology* | Minor Minor

The ontology elements are not named following the same convention (for example CamelCase or use of delimiters as "-" or "_") . Some notions about naming conventions are provided in [2].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P30: Equivalent classes not explicitly declared. 1 case | Important Important

This pitfall consists in missing the definition of equivalent classes (owl:equivalentClass) in case of duplicated concepts. When an ontology reuses terms from other ontologies, classes that have the same meaning should be defined as equivalent in order to benefit the interoperability between both ontologies.

• The following classes might be equivalent:
http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Lavatory, http://sensormeasurement.appspot.com/ont/home/homeActivity#Bathroom

Results for P34: Untyped class. 1 case | Important Important

An ontology element is used as a class without having been explicitly declared as such using the primitives owl:Class or rdfs:Class. This pitfall is related with the common problems listed in [8].

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://purl.org/vocommons/voaf#Vocabulary

Results for P40: Namespace hijacking. 1 case | Critical Critical

It refers to reusing or referring to terms from another namespace that are not defined in such namespace. This is an undesirable situation as no information can be retrieved when looking up those undefined terms. This pitfall is related to the Linked Data publishing guidelines provided in [11]: "Only define new terms in a namespace that you control" and to the guidelines provided in [5].

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://creativecommons.org/ns#license

• For detecting this pitfall we rely on TripleChecker. See more results at TripleChecker website. Up to now this pitfall is only available for the "Scanner by URI" option.


According to the highest importance level of pitfall found in your ontology the conformace bagde suggested is "Critical pitfalls" (see below). You can use the following HTML code to insert the badge within your ontology documentation:


Critical pitfalls were found
<p>
<a href="http://oops.linkeddata.es"><img
	src="http://oops.linkeddata.es/resource/image/oops_critical.png"
	alt="Critical pitfalls were found" height="69.6" width="100" /></a>
</p>


References:

  • [1] Aguado-De Cea, G., Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Poveda-Villalón, M., and Giraldo-Pasmin, O.X. (2015). Lexicalizing Ontologies: The issues behind the labels. In Multimodal communication in the 21st century: Professional and academic challenges. 33rd Conference of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AESLA), XXXIII AESLA.
  • [2] Noy, N. F., McGuinness, D. L., et al. (2001). Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first ontology.
  • [3] Gómez-Pérez, A. (1999). Evaluation of Taxonomic Knowledge in Ontologies and Knowledge Bases. Proceedings of the Banff Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop. Alberta, Canada.
  • [4] Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Vila Suero, D., Villazón-Terrazas, B., Dunsire, G., Escolano Rodríguez, E., Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011). Style guidelines for naming and labeling ontologies in the multilingual web.
  • [5] Vrandecic, D. (2010). Ontology Evaluation. PhD thesis.
  • [6] Gómez-Pérez, A. (2004). Ontology evaluation. In Handbook on ontologies, pages 251-273. Springer.
  • [7] Rector, A., Drummond, N., Horridge, M., Rogers, J., Knublauch, H., Stevens, R., Wang, H., and Wroe, C. (2004). Owl pizzas: Practical experience of teaching owl-dl: Common errors & common patterns. In Engineering Knowledge in the Age of the Semantic Web, pages 63-81. Springer.
  • [8] Hogan, A., Harth, A., Passant, A., Decker, S., and Polleres, A. (2010). Weaving the pedantic web. In Proceedings of the WWW2010 Workshop on Linked Data on the Web, LDOW 2010, Raleigh, USA, April 27, 2010.
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How to cite OOPS!

Poveda-Villalón, María, Asunción Gómez-Pérez, and Mari Carmen Suárez-Figueroa. "OOPS!(Ontology Pitfall Scanner!): An on-line tool for ontology evaluation." International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS) 10.2 (2014): 7-34.


BibTex:


@article{poveda2014oops,
 title={{OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!): An On-line Tool for Ontology Evaluation}},
 author={Poveda-Villal{\'o}n, Mar{\'i}a and G{\'o}mez-P{\'e}rez, Asunci{\'o}n and Su{\'a}rez-Figueroa, Mari Carmen},
 journal={International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS)},
 volume={10},
 number={2},
 pages={7--34},
 year={2014},
 publisher={IGI Global}
}

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