scanning


OOPS! is scanning...

OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!) helps you to detect some of the most common pitfalls appearing when developing ontologies.

To try it, enter a URI or paste an OWL document into the text field above. A list of pitfalls and the elements of your ontology where they appear will be displayed.

Scanner by URI:

Example: http://data.semanticweb.org/ns/swc/swc_2009-05-09.rdf


Scanner by direct input:

Uncheck this checkbox if you don't want us to keep a copy of your ontology.

Evaluation results

It is obvious that not all the pitfalls are equally important; their impact in the ontology will depend on multiple factors. For this reason, each pitfall has an importance level attached indicating how important it is. We have identified three levels:

  • Critical Critical : It is crucial to correct the pitfall. Otherwise, it could affect the ontology consistency, reasoning, applicability, etc.
  • Important Important : Though not critical for ontology function, it is important to correct this type of pitfall.
  • Minor Minor : It is not really a problem, but by correcting it we will make the ontology nicer.

Results for P04: Creating unconnected ontology elements. 3 cases | Minor Minor

Ontology elements (classes, object properties and datatype properties) are created isolated, with no relation to the rest of the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RuleAxiom
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Project
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/LabelProperty

Results for P08: Missing annotations. 716 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall consists in creating an ontology element and failing to provide human readable annotations attached to it. Consequently, ontology elements lack annotation properties that label them (e.g. rdfs:label, lemon:LexicalEntry, skos:prefLabel or skos:altLabel) or that define them (e.g. rdfs:comment or dc:description). This pitfall is related to the guidelines provided in [5].

• The following elements have no rdfs:label defined:
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#value
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#type
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#detail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#description

• The following elements have neither rdfs:comment or skos:definition defined:
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Fridge
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GPSEnterAreaTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedFromDiyTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedFocusingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EmailTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopDryingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnOnCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableGPSAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceUsageWarningTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NotificationProfileSetToTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ToggleSwitchTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedStudyingSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopWatchingTvAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CloseWindowFrameAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedBreakingNewsTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharedUnlikeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableAirplaneModeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ActivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CoffeeService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedIncomingCallTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SecuritySystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentSharedInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopCookingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnvironmentConditionDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseTemperatureAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedFocusingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceConnectivityEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MobileDevice
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#OvenService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NotificationService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableBluetoothConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PhoneCallRejectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#LeakDetectionService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakeVideoAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirPurifierDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BrightnessIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartEntertainementAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NightModeDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartBrewingCoffeeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ScanWifiTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedAirPressureDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PhotoPlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedDiswashingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedEntertainementTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnOnNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartPlayingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseSecurityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedAttachmentTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartEnvironmentService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedSecurityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NoteTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseConsumptionConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BatteryService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedFocusingSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedMessageTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveContactAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MusicPlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedWeatherConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NewCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Printer
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedSleepingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddedCalendarItemTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EUDPlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartDoor
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableInternetConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImproveUsabilityConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ExitTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableCoolingSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteFileAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ApplianceService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendMessageAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceSavingModeEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedRecommendationNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InformationService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Lamp
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedWindDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseUsabilityConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirPurifierEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Dryer
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableSecuritySystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectionToNetworkTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableDeviceConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Camera
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AnswerCallAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseEnvironmentConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ContactService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MediaService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DevicePluggedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeveloperTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisplyService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HeatingSystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NewNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisplaySerivce
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableHeatingSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteCalendarItemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedWebBookmarkTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartWashingClothesAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceConnectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensorPresenceNoLongerDetectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedAirQualityDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DIYElectronic
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteHealthInformationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ScreenRotationEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Action
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedShippingNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirConditioner
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImprovedDeviceConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EveryMonthTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedVacuumTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopFocusingSessionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseDeviceConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectedVehicle
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#UnhealthyActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EcommerceService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartingWashingClothesTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedWalkingSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedPhysicalActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableNFCConnctivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseLightingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DryingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartFocusingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Ventilator
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteAlarmAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IoTEntity
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableLightingSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentSubscriptionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableGPSAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NewsWebSite
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableCoolingSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredHealthInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteContactAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopUsingSmartphoneAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#FileService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredMediaInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MediaTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddCalendarItemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WebRequestService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableWateringSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedTemperatureIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendCallAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableNFCConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedRunSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedAirPressureTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedSleepingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CodeHostingPlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedLightingDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AntiIntrusionSystem
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedSecurityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Smartphone
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedOvenCookingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectFromDeviceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedHealthInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseFunctionalityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopListeningMusicAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedOvenCookingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VehicleTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReminderService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharedPostTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NewsService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendToDisplayAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseNoiseAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedTemperatureTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedHealthConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceFailureTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseDeviceConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#FocusTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RainfallMeasurementAvailableTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Room
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CommentService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendToDeviceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImprovedUsabilityConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SocialNetwork
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedDryingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AudioRecordingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VacuumService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CallService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MessageService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentPrivateInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DiswashingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedTimerTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnabledNFCConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedPhysicalActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedRunSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetHumidityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SleepTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BluetoothService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Location
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareCommentAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseUserConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MeasureAvailableNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InformationWebSite
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableLightingSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddAlarmAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableNotificationsAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PresenceDetectedNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PostService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MovingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedAirPressureIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Dehumidifier
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareUnlikeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Beacon
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoreAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#LightingSystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PowerService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Notification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnAlarmOffAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TemporalTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendQuestionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedCookingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ToDoTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GameService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VoiceAssistant
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NotificationsDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectToNetworkAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Category
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DehumidifierSystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedPaymentNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableBluetoothConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedBrewingCoffeeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Appliance
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedAppTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedInteractionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedBrewingCoffeeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Command
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Hub
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Thermostat
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedAppNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Fax
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WeatherService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WebBookmarkService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedLightingIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SavedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopCleaningAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetTemperatureAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedWeatherConditionsTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnvironmentConditionIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedAirQualityIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BikeTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MeasureBelowThresholdNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedFileTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnabledGPSTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendToDiyAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ActivateEnvironmentSceneAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ProfileUpdateService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartWashingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectDeviceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseLightingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#OutputService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetEnvironmentComfortAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HealthyGoalReachedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WeatherStation
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MoveAppAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedBikeSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EveryYearTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Sprinkler
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#LightingSystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedLikeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EndCallAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#QuestionService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartBlind
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisabledNFCConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PostioningService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TemperatureSetToTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedContactNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceTurnedOnTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopActivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DehumidifierService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PlacesTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakenTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Laptop
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VideoRecordingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NetworkService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableDeviceSavingModeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WateringSystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnOffCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CoolingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedRelaxingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteRemindAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopDiswashingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AlarmClockService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SMSTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakenAudioTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedUnlikeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BrightnessDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EveryHourTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CalendarTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceConnectivityDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GPSExitAreaTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Detail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetBrightnessAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableNightModeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#OrganizerTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ScreenRotationDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddReminderAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableAirPurifierSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedDocumentInfoNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#LikeService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Cooker
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#OpenCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PhoneCallMutedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StudyingTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#OpenWindowFrameAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedNoiseLevelTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceLeakTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopVacuumAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CallTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HeatingSystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableScreenRotationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedPrivateInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImprovedHealthyParameterTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedMissedCallNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImprovedConsumptionConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedAlarmTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Humidifier
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#UserConnectivityIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CoffeeMaker
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisabledAirplaneModeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveFileAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedTemperatureTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartActivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharePostAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableScreenRotationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HeatingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendToSpeakerAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentRequestTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WaterTemperatureSystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisabledBluetoothConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartWatch
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveWebBookmarkAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseTemperatureAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DehumidifierSystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareTagAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SecurityShutdownAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseUsabilityConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetLightingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MuteCallAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartWindow
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EveryWeekTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopPlayingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MoveOnVehicleTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VolumeDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetToCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MusicService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedAirPressureTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InstantiatedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredContactTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddedTimerTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImprovedLightingConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedNoiseLevelTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedCalendarItemTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedRemindTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BlockCallAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteFromStorageAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#FailureDetectionService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseSecurityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirPressureService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableInternetConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Service
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddRemindAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableNightModeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#UnlikeService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Channel
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HumiditySetToTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HumidifierService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedWalkingSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddTimerAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InstantiatedDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedEntertainementTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MeasureAboveThresholdNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#UpdatedWallpaperTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopAppAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TimeManagementTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopEntertainementAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedBikeSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Dishwasher
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartEnvironmentSystem
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EveryTimeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnabledAirplaneModeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TimerService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AcceptCommunicationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendAttachmentAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedUsingSmartphoneTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DangerousActivityTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedRelaxingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EveryDayTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NightModeEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedNoiseLevelIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnvironmentAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RecordCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnOffNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceUnpluggedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WateringSystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedStudyingSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedWashingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakeAudioAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedLightingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NotificationsEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShipmentTrackingTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WifiService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedListeningMusicTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareLikeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Oven
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShoppingTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnDeviceOnAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddedAlarmTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedHealthyParameterTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableHumidifierSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WindowFrameOpenedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DvdPlayer
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisabledInternetConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableDehumidifierSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredWebBookmarkTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Heater
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectToDeviceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedCleaningTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Blog
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CloseNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedNoiseLevelDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NewsTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Friend
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedAirQualityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Console
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedPlayingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CoolingSystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableWateringSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedFocusingSessionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InteractionService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteWebBookmarkAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseAirQualityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartCookingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Tv
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SpeakerPhoneActivatedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ExitNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedRainDetectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendToPrintAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HiFi
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnterTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendRequestAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WindowFrameClosedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceiveNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartOvenCookingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedLightingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedHumididtyDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#UserConnectivityDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AudioService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TagService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopOvenCookingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedCommentTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PositionRegistrationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GeographicalArea
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WateringService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceTurnedOffTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnabledInternetConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VolumeIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#LightingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredAppTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HealthTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HealthyGoalNotReachedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartFocusingSessionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedWatchingTvTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedRainNoLongerDetectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InstantiatedAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakenVideoTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentQuestionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseEnvironmentConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ToggleCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RunTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CloseSafetyValveAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#LowPowerTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedWashingClothesTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentOutcomingCallTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CloseCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ChatTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableNotificationsAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#BuyCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#OpenNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Phone
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredFileTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SecuritySystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableHumidifierSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TimeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CoolingSystemDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedPlayingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareFileAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RuleAxiom
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartCitySystem
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GPSService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PhysicalObject
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedHumidityIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisabledGPSTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImproveLightingConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RuleInstantiatedAxiom
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ArriveOnVehicleTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedCookingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedAppTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableDeviceConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectionToDeviceTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartWatchingTvAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteMediaInformationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EcommerceWebSite
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PrintService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharedProfileUpdateTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Rule
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartBuyingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TVService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HealthyActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CommunicationTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorsenedHealthyParameterTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Building
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedMediaInformationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RejectCallAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedFromStorageTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WaterTemperatureSystemEnabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableAirplaneModeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirMonitor
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Trigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartUsingSmartphoneAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CloudPlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#UserDevice
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakenImageTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#FrameService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedWindIncreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseUserConnectivityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableSpeakerphoneAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectFromNetworkAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseAirQualityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedRemindNotificationTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartStudyingSessionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableDeviceSavingModeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CommunicationService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GetAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DangerousActivityDetectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableSecuritySystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreasedHumidityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendWebRequestAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WeatherWebSite
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Radio
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ShareProfileUpdateAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#GroceryShoppingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoragePlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedListeningMusicTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedContactTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImproveConsumptionConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceDisconnectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentMessageTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedHumidityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseHumidityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NFCService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedAnswerTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableDehumidifierSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedWatchingTvTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PhotoRecordingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PC
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedReminderTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#MediaInformationService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnhancedConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NoiseService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeletedAppTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NotificationTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Colleague
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopStudyingSessionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartListeningMusicAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendToPersonAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteReminderAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreaseVolumeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TapButtonActivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartCleaningAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectToWebServiceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddedRemindTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnabledBluetoothConnectivityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectedFromDeviceTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ScanBluetoothTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SecurityService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedNewsTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableHeatingSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PresenceNoLongerDetectedNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AttachementService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#InformationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VirtualObject
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedDiswashingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AddedReminderTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirPurifierService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedWashingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnvironmentTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnterNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveMediaInformationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopFocusingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HighSensedDeviceConsumptionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WalkTrackingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TakePhotoAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#PositionRegistrationService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#CalendarService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TimeService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeviceSavingModeDisabledTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Family
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SmartBracelet
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WashingMachine
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ImproveDeviceConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedTagTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopWashingClothesAction
http://www.w3.org/2000/10/swap/pim/contact#Person
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoredBackupTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SaveHealthInformationAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#HealthInformationService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensedTemperatureDecreasedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WebBookmarkTool
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectDeviceAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedUsingSmartphoneTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#TurnDeviceOffAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ConnectNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartDiswashingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartAppAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseHumidityAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Tablet
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RecordNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedPostTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharedCommentTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#AirPurifier
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DecreaseVolumeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartVacuumAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedHealthConditionTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VolumeService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RuleNominalAxiom
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisableCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopBrewingCoffeeAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartDryingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StoppedDryingTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DeleteTimerAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SentPullTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#EnableAirPurifierSystemAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VideoService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#VideoPlatform
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisconnectedFromNetworkTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#IncreasedAirQualityTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharedTagTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WorseConsumptionConditionAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SendCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#WashingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#ReceivedFromDeviceTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SensorPresenceDetectedTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartSuperMarketBuyingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StopWashingAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SetToNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SharedLikeTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#RecordingService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasTechnology
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#commandAllowTo
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#channelOffer
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasCategory
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#isOfChannel
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#offerAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#location
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#canControl
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominal
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#which
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#offerDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#offerTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#who
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasRegisteredEntity
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#where
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#allowTo
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#triggers
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#notificationAllowTo

Results for P11: Missing domain or range in properties. 13 cases | Important Important

Object and/or datatype properties without domain or range (or none of them) are included in the ontology.

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/phone
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasRegisteredEntity
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#location
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#isOfChannel
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#channelOffer
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalDetail
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/givenName
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/title
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/nick
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/sha1
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/givenname
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/dnaChecksum
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#value

Tip: Solving this pitfall may lead to new results for other pitfalls and suggestions. We encourage you to solve all cases when needed and see what else you can get from OOPS!

Results for P12: Equivalent properties not explicitly declared. 2 cases | Important Important

The ontology lacks information about equivalent properties (owl:equivalentProperty) in the cases of duplicated relationships and/or attributes.

• The following attributes could be defined as equivalent:
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/givenname, http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/givenName
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/family_name, http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/familyName

Results for P13: Inverse relationships not explicitly declared. 50 cases | Minor Minor

This pitfall appears when any relationship (except for those that are defined as symmetric properties using owl:SymmetricProperty) does not have an inverse relationship (owl:inverseOf) defined within the ontology.

• OOPS! has the following suggestions for the relationships without inverse:
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/theme could be inverse of http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/fundedBy
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/fundedBy could be inverse of http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/logo

• Sorry, OOPS! has no suggestions for the following relationships without inverse:
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#commandAllowTo
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasNotification
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasCommand
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasCategory
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#offerAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#location
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasAction
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#canControl
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominal
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#which
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#offerDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasService
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#offerTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#who
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#nominalTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#where
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#hasDetail
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#allowTo
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#triggers
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#notificationAllowTo
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/accountServiceHomepage
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/openid
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/account
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/thumbnail
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/member
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/img
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/tipjar
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/workplaceHomepage
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/phone
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/topic_interest
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/mbox
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/pastProject
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/workInfoHomepage
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/focus
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/publications
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/holdsAccount
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/based_near
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/interest
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/weblog
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/schoolHomepage
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/currentProject

Results for P22: Using different naming conventions in the ontology. ontology* | Minor Minor

The ontology elements are not named following the same convention (for example CamelCase or use of delimiters as "-" or "_") . Some notions about naming conventions are provided in [2].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P30: Equivalent classes not explicitly declared. 1 case | Important Important

This pitfall consists in missing the definition of equivalent classes (owl:equivalentClass) in case of duplicated concepts. When an ontology reuses terms from other ontologies, classes that have the same meaning should be defined as equivalent in order to benefit the interoperability between both ontologies.

• The following classes might be equivalent:
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Family, http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Category

Results for P32: Several classes with the same label. 4 cases | Minor Minor

Two or more classes have the same content for natural language annotations for naming, for example the rdfs:label annotation. This pitfall might involve lack of accuracy when defining terms.

• The following classes contains the same label, maybe they should be replaced by one class with several labels or might be equivalent classes:
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#SecuritySystemEnabledTrigger, http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#StartedListeningMusicTrigger
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisplaySerivce, http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#DisplyService
http://purl.org/dc/terms/Agent, http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Agent
http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#NotificationTool, http://elite.polito.it/ontologies/eupont.owl#Notification

Results for P34: Untyped class. 3 cases | Important Important

An ontology element is used as a class without having been explicitly declared as such using the primitives owl:Class or rdfs:Class. This pitfall is related with the common problems listed in [8].

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept
http://purl.org/dc/terms/Agent
http://www.w3.org/2000/10/swap/pim/contact#Person

Results for P35: Untyped property. 1 case | Important Important

An ontology element is used as a property without having been explicitly declared as such using the primitives rdf:Property, owl:ObjectProperty or owl:DatatypeProperty. This pitfall is related with the common problems listed in [8].

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator

Results for P36: URI contains file extension. ontology* | Minor Minor

This pitfall occurs if file extensions such as ".owl", ".rdf", ".ttl", ".n3" and ".rdfxml" are included in an ontology URI. This pitfall is related with the recommendations provided in [9].

*This pitfall applies to the ontology in general instead of specific elements.

Results for P40: Namespace hijacking. 1 case | Critical Critical

It refers to reusing or referring to terms from another namespace that are not defined in such namespace. This is an undesirable situation as no information can be retrieved when looking up those undefined terms. This pitfall is related to the Linked Data publishing guidelines provided in [11]: "Only define new terms in a namespace that you control" and to the guidelines provided in [5].

• This pitfall appears in the following elements:
http://creativecommons.org/ns#license

• For detecting this pitfall we rely on TripleChecker. See more results at TripleChecker website. Up to now this pitfall is only available for the "Scanner by URI" option.

SUGGESTION: symmetric or transitive object properties. 6 cases

The domain and range axioms are equal for each of the following object properties. Could they be symmetric or transitive?
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/thumbnail
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/theme
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/fundedBy
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/logo
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/based_near


According to the highest importance level of pitfall found in your ontology the conformace bagde suggested is "Critical pitfalls" (see below). You can use the following HTML code to insert the badge within your ontology documentation:


Critical pitfalls were found
<p>
<a href="http://oops.linkeddata.es"><img
	src="http://oops.linkeddata.es/resource/image/oops_critical.png"
	alt="Critical pitfalls were found" height="69.6" width="100" /></a>
</p>


References:

  • [1] Aguado-De Cea, G., Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Poveda-Villalón, M., and Giraldo-Pasmin, O.X. (2015). Lexicalizing Ontologies: The issues behind the labels. In Multimodal communication in the 21st century: Professional and academic challenges. 33rd Conference of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AESLA), XXXIII AESLA.
  • [2] Noy, N. F., McGuinness, D. L., et al. (2001). Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first ontology.
  • [3] Gómez-Pérez, A. (1999). Evaluation of Taxonomic Knowledge in Ontologies and Knowledge Bases. Proceedings of the Banff Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop. Alberta, Canada.
  • [4] Montiel-Ponsoda, E., Vila Suero, D., Villazón-Terrazas, B., Dunsire, G., Escolano Rodríguez, E., Gómez-Pérez, A. (2011). Style guidelines for naming and labeling ontologies in the multilingual web.
  • [5] Vrandecic, D. (2010). Ontology Evaluation. PhD thesis.
  • [6] Gómez-Pérez, A. (2004). Ontology evaluation. In Handbook on ontologies, pages 251-273. Springer.
  • [7] Rector, A., Drummond, N., Horridge, M., Rogers, J., Knublauch, H., Stevens, R., Wang, H., and Wroe, C. (2004). Owl pizzas: Practical experience of teaching owl-dl: Common errors & common patterns. In Engineering Knowledge in the Age of the Semantic Web, pages 63-81. Springer.
  • [8] Hogan, A., Harth, A., Passant, A., Decker, S., and Polleres, A. (2010). Weaving the pedantic web. In Proceedings of the WWW2010 Workshop on Linked Data on the Web, LDOW 2010, Raleigh, USA, April 27, 2010.
  • [9] Archer, P., Goedertier, S., and Loutas, N. (2012). D7. 1.3-study on persistent URIs, with identification of best practices and recommendations on the topic for the Mss and the EC. PwC EU Services.
  • [10] Bernes-Lee Tim. (2006). “Linked Data - Design issues”. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  • [11] Heath, T. and Bizer, C. (2011). Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space. Morgan & Claypool, 1st edition.
  • [12] Vatant, B. (2012). Is your linked data vocabulary 5-star?. http://bvatant.blogspot.fr/2012/02/is-your-linked-data-vocabulary-5-star_9588.html

Please, help us making OOPS! better. Feedback is more than welcome!
In addition, you can also suggest new pitfalls so that they can be detected in future evaluations.

Want to help?

Documentation:

Related papers:

Web services:

Developed by:

OEG logo